Gallery Mint Museum ScrapBook  
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Gallery Mint Museum Box706 EurekaSprings AR 72632 
OrderDesk:(888)558-MINT(6468)     Questions:(479)253-5055 
Website:www.gallerymint.com    EMail:GalleryMintMuseum

I absolutely LOVE your idea of creating this scrapbook.
This is a great way of answering questions that come up a lot. 
Ron Landis ...Sun, 30 Jul 2000 11:59:06
2002
ScrapBook Subjects
Page
Index
Links
Link: Watching A Die Come Apart
Link: At GMM "PROOF" Means Dies NOT Condition
Link: Keep A Sharp Lookout For Treasury Agents!
Link: A Small Hoard Of Adam Kelley Creations
Link: [ Gone Missing! ]
Link: No Question About It!
Link: [ Locomotives On One Ounce Silver Rounds ]
Link: Rolled By Water Power
Link: [ Rolled By Horse Power ]
Link: This Isn't Supposed To Happen!
Link: [ ScrapBook Visits Continue To Rise... ]
Enlargement scans available on WWW and ScrapBook CD-ROM. 
4/30
Click for larger Cracked, BreakPoint CUD or Final CUD scan on CD-ROM
Enlargements available on both WWW and ScrapBook CD-ROM
Obverses
Click for
larger

Cracked,

BreakPoint
CUD


or

Final
CUD


scan
on CD-ROM
Enlargements available on both WWW and ScrapBook CD-ROM Reverses
Click for
larger

Cracked,

BreakPoint
CUD


or

Final
CUD


scan
on CD-ROM
  • Watching A Die Come Apart
       I hope y'all remember the description of the circumstances surrounding the discovery in February of 2002 of a cracked 1794 obverse die that I provided in SBsubject Link: One Of Two Cracked Die 1794 Dollars. If you don't then I suggest you pause a moment and follow the provided link to understand what I am rambling on about here. I'm not going to repeat all that initial description here. I'll wait for you while you go read it.
    Enlargements available on both WWW and ScrapBook CD-ROM    Welcome back! So... the latest news! On 13 April 2002 my fishing buddy Kenny and I made a quick trip to Eureka Springs. The sole purpose of our trip was to get a series of strikes off the broken 1794 dollar obverse die. Timothy paired the first two 1794 dies and went to work. The first specimen struck (#3) showed the same CUD movement that the piece Ron kept (#2) from the February 2002 run. You can see the top edges of "TY" on the top surface of the BreakPointCUD in the scan shown here on your right. None of the subsequent strikes showed this feature. They all had smooth unblemished CUDs because the die fragment simply fell off after the first strike (#3) of the run. Ron kept one of those strikes (#6).
       When I returned home and studied my new acquisitions I found that the February 2002 pair of strikes had been done using the new 1794 reverse die "with berry." So... I have two unique pieces, Cracked&Berry (#1) and BreakPointCUD&NoBerry (#3) ...and... Ron has one unique piece, BreakPointCUD&Berry (#2). All remaining strikes were FinalCUD&NoBerry.
       If you are viewing this GMM ScrapBook page from our CD-ROM then you can view six nice SUPER SIZED scans of the Links:Cracked Dollar&reverse, Links:BreakPoint CUD Dollar&reverse or Links:Final CUD Dollar&reverse. EMail:Verne R. Walrafen
    1794 Dollar Obverse Dies 1794 Dollar Reverse Dies
    1) No stars with short hair curls.
    2) Stars with short hair curls and 1794 far from left star.    
    3) Stars with long hair curls and 1794 close to left star.

    1) No berry below A of STATES.
    2) Berry below A of STATES.


4/29

1795 Half Eagle ... Uncirculated ... NOT a PROOF!
  • At GMM "PROOF" Means Dies NOT Condition
       Ron Landis once told me something to the effect that GMM had caused themselves lots of difficulties by being too good at striking recreations of uncirculated coins... particularly their gold coins. So many of their uncirculated gold creations are so perfect that they are readily mistaken for Proofs!
       Shown above (please forgive the reflections in the plastic holder that the Seller captured when he scaned this specimen) is a recent purchase I made off eBay where the Seller described the piece as a PROOF in spite of the fact he "couldn't find" the GMM insert with the proof number stamped on it. The presence of a GMM coinflip insert with PROOF and a serial number stamped on it is the only way to be assured that a GMM creation is a proof unless you know a lot about GMM's dies themselves. In this case, the Seller left me feedback on my eBay purchase saying I was confused about this specimen.   :-(   Of course any Seller has a vested interest in saying a specimen being offered is a proof since that makes it rarer and generally should bring higher bids on eBay. This is certainly not the first time I have encountered this precise same situation. In fact the Seller of this gold piece was not nearly as emphatic as an earlier Seller I encountered who became QUITE AGITATED when I tried to tell him his specimen was not a proof. In that case I just gave up trying to discuss the subject with him.
       It is true that the differences between the 1795 Half Eagle uncirculated and proof dies are definitely subtle. In the scan immediately to your left are examples of the uncirculated (LEFT) and proof (RIGHT) die details. The 95 is high on the uncirculated and low on the proof obverse dies. The sprig leaves are longer on the uncirculated and shorter on the proof reverse dies.
       By the way... it took many months but all this finally answers the question I asked in November of 2000... Link:Will The Real Proof Please Stand Up? It turns out that my original purchase of a 1795 Half Eagle was indeed a proof specimen which is a good thing since I paid quite a premium for it. Unfortunately I paid the Seller of the above uncirculated specimen more than I should have but all that is water under the bridge now. If you are viewing this GMM ScrapBook page from our CD-ROM then you can view two nice large pictures of the 1795 Half Eagle Proofs Link:ONE and Link:TWO. EMail:Verne R. Walrafen

4/28
Enlargements available on both WWW and ScrapBook CD-ROM
1793 Chain Cent ... Struck over a Washington Clad Quarter.
Click for
Obverse
or
Reverse
enlargement
on CD-ROM


  • Keep A Sharp Lookout For Treasury Agents!
       This is a Gallery Mint Museum COPY of a 1793 Chain Cent (reference Sheldon 4). The obverse die for this piece is a minor doubled die (visible on Liberty's profile). This coin was one that I acquired from Adam Hardcastle, former Chief Coiner of the Gallery Mint. What is most unusual about this piece is that it was struck over a Clad Washington Quarter Dollar. Washington's profile is slightly visible in the wildly flowing hair of Liberty, and traces of the wreath are visible on the reverse. As with all Gallery Mint products, it was struck using the same technology as that available to the early U.S. Mint (i.e., on a Screw Press). This piece would grade About Uncirculated or better, but is not fully struck up, due to the thinness of the Quarter compared with a normal Cent Planchet. - Mark Honea...Apr-18-02 13:44:23 PDT
       The Chain Cent on the quarter is a great piece! The Obv2/Rev1 die combo shows a mintage of 50 pieces. I wonder if that includes this one? Cliff Bolling...Sun, 21 Apr 2002 18:47:13
       What Mark didn't tell us in his description is that this creation escaped the GMM mint facility without the COPY counterstamp that is required by U.S. law on such reproductions of legal tender coinage. This means that it certainly would be a bad idea to display this neat specimen in a convention exhibit at any time in the future.
       Not all of my GMM overstrike examples are copy stamped. I'd estimate 1/3 of my GMM overstrike items are copy stamp free. The theory back then, as I understood it, was that if its obvious that their recreated 1790's US mint products are stuck on host coin from a later time, then its obvious such an item is not possibly real and could/did leave GMM without the stamp. Part of the fun of getting my "special orders" back then was seeing what got stamped and what didn't get stamped or where the stamp got placed this time. A clad sandwich and reeded 1965-1999 type Washington 25c piece would never have originally found its way back to the 1790's Philly Mint. Being without the "copy" did not surprise me. Being a Chain Cent on a quarter did surprise me. Because I ACTUALLY ordered an Overstrike Chain using a 1979-S proof quarter sent long ago to Arkansas. At that time Ron returned my money and my 79-S quarter host saying "he did not want to damage his dies." Because of my experience I'd say Chain Strikes on host coins in general are next to impossible to find. - Lindy Stone...Tue, 30 Apr 2002 07:24:58
       It sure is nice to have Lindy's input and historical perspective! Ron has apparently gotten much more strict on the COPY counterstamp as time has gone past. In my experience anything struck with his coinage dies gets the COPY counterstamp. NJ dies on silver half dollars... dollar dies on clad Ike dollars... I just never encountered nonCOPY marked specimens before. Lindy is lucky to have started early on these neat creations. As to the Treasury Agent bit... that is mostly just a way to grab the readers attention although, knowing how our bureaucracies work, one never knows what any particular agent might get it in their head to do in my opinion. EMail:Verne R. Walrafen

4/24
An Adam Kelley Collection Specimen.
Enlargements available on both WWW and ScrapBook CD-ROM
Uniface 1794 Half Cent
Click for
Obverse
or
Reverse
enlargement
on CD-ROM


  • A Small Hoard Of Adam Kelley Creations
       Shown here are two of 23 specimens that were sold today on eBay in an offering by Gino Sanfilippo, eBay UserID ginoscoins. Gino purchased these pieces in a small hoard ...in January 2002... in an eBay lot from Adam Kelley, former GMM employee. We are not certain how Adam created uniface strikes which, while seemingly a simple concept, are seldom if ever done at GMM. It is a bit tougher to accomplish than it would first seem.
       For those of you who are interested in viewing all of the pieces in the hoard I have posted them for you here... Link:A Small Hoard Of Adam Kelley Creations. EMail:Verne R. Walrafen
    An Adam Kelley Collection Specimen.
    Enlargements available on both WWW and ScrapBook CD-ROM
    Uniface 1793 Cent
    Click for
    Obverse
    or
    Reverse
    enlargement
    on CD-ROM



Enlargements available on both WWW and ScrapBook CD-ROM Gone Missing!   Kraft Carving #42
Frank Released 4/17/2002
Frank says he doesn't know where he was for the last 10 days
but he got x-rayed, strip searched and irradiated.
They kept him in the dark for the whole time
so he never saw their faces!


4/14
Clifford Bolling photographs.     Click for Enlargement on CD-ROM
Enlargements available on both WWW and ScrapBook CD-ROM
1793 Wreath Cents
First Proof, Second Uncirculated and Second Proof Obverse Dies
  • No Question About It!
       I spent some time yesterday at GMM trying to track down the actual, physical Second Uncirculated Obverse Die (SUOD) for Ron's wreath cents. We also dug around in Ron's memory a while to no avail. Ron did recall that his wreath cent dies were some of the strongest, longest lasting, dies he ever created. He did not recall anything that might have caused a second set of uncirculated dies to be produced either before or after the work-horse set that was used for all/most? 6,000 wreath cent strikes.
       When I got back home I found Cliff had sent me scans of both proof wreath cents to compare to the uncirculated wreath cents. There simply is no question... there were FOUR distinct dies with FOUR distinct busts.
       Cliff previously had the following thoughts about the SUOD subject: I've been thinking about the odd 1793 wreath cent obverse die. The current assumption is that it was a new die created to carry on after the original die failed, because when Lindy ordered a terminal die state of the original die, he received this instead, concluding it was a new replacement die. How about this instead - In the past, when Ron couldn't fill an order for a special die variety, like the terminal die state of the old obverse wreath cent die, he would usually send along something else equally interesting in it's place, and not mention that it was something really cool. This is how I received some of my more interesting pieces (in the early days). What if Ron decided to fill Lindy's order with some specimens of an equally interesting pattern/first design/trial die strikes? That would make the odd wreath cent die a very low mintage, probably less than 10, likely less than 5. That would help explain why Czapla didn't know about it, and also why no others have turned up. What do you think?? - Clifford D. Bolling...Wed, 3 Apr 2002 07:36:27
       I also mentioned Cliff's thoughts on the SUOD strikes to Ron and this postulation did not ring any bells with him. We may never know why the SUOD was created. For those of you clever enough to purchase a ScrapBook CD-ROM, here are a couple more scans that Cliff sent of the three specimens shown above... Link:LARGE and Link:SUPER sized. For your reference I am showing the date area of all four wreath cent dies below. EMail:Verne R. Walrafen


    First Proof
    Click for Cliff Bolling Date Area
    Enlargements available on both WWW and ScrapBook CD-ROM

    Second Proof


    First Uncirculated
    Click for Full Coin
    Enlargements available on both WWW and ScrapBook CD-ROM

    Second Uncirculated


Locomotives On One Ounce Silver Rounds
Click on image for enlargement    I just found these silver rounds being offered on eBay and, while I normally have no interest in bullion silver pieces sold at what I consider to be inflated prices, these five pieces peaked my interest at roughly $8 each.
   They are blank on the reverse ...so... perhaps I can convince one of our talented engravers to turn bullion into art. You can click on the image of the common reverse at the left to see an enlargement of this empty "canvas" that is waiting for one of our modern carver's creativity.
   4/28/2002 Postscript: I already have six carvers willing to help me with creating Carver's Silver Autographs from these neat silver rounds. So... I've had to scramble and order another set of Locomotive silver one ounce round blanks. EMail:Verne R. Walrafen
4/11
SUPERsized Obverse/Reverse on CD-ROM
Click for Enlargement on CD-ROM
Enlargements available on both WWW and ScrapBook CD-ROM
Good For $1 TRF Token Die Trial
19.2mm x 24.3mm
SUPERsized Obverse/Reverse on CD-ROM
Click for Enlargement on CD-ROM
Enlargements available on both WWW and ScrapBook CD-ROM
Good For $2 TRF Token Die Trial
28.9mm x 34.4mm
  • Rolled By Water Power
       Ron created "Good For" tokens at a Texas Renaissance Festival a number of years ago. He created TRF roller dies that had three different $1 tokens and a single $2 token engraved on them. These dies were powered by a water wheel that functioned like Segovia's "Royal Mill Mint".
       The copper specimen shown on the left is a Lincoln Cent that was fed through the "Good For" TRF roller die as a trial piece or perhaps on a whim. It was rolled through the "Type3" $1 token portion of the roller die. The brass specimen shown on the right is an unidentified brass medal, you can see the rim in a few spots, that was fed through the "Good For" TRF roller die as a trial piece of perhaps on a whim. It was rolled through the $2 token, lapping down just barely onto the "Type1" $1 token, portion of the roller die. I spent several hours at GMM on 13 April 2002. Ron has another brass trial piece in his museum display that is just like this one except Ron's was run through one of the $1 token's portion of the roller die. It is displayed with the TRF roller dies, example copper strips (both unpunched and after the tokens were punched out) and various TRF tokens.
       Both of these specimens show the elongated "out-of-round" result of rolling an originally round piece. The brass piece was thick enough so that it lapped onto the next engraved portion of the roller die just as the 1693 silver 1 reale shown below did. We have visited these interesting "Good For" TRF tokens twice previously in Link:Good For $1 In Trade...Royal Mint and Link:Texas Renaissance Festival Tokens. EMail:Verne R. Walrafen
Enlargements available on both WWW and ScrapBook CD-ROM
1693 Barcelona 1 Reale rolled on a silver strip (or coin?)
22.1mm x 20.4mm
Click for
Obverse
or
Reverse
enlargements
on CD-ROM
Rolled By Horse Power
   I think the underlying design (which shows up only on the dated side of the coin) was on the silver strip before being run through the roller dies. I wonder how that strip was manufactured? If it was run through a roller mill with smooth rollers then perhaps one roller had some sort of pattern or damage on it... same sort of thing if it was stamped out somehow... the anvil or hammer could have had some sort of pattern on them. To me it seems clear that the underlying design has nothing to do with the roller dies being used to make the coin itself.
   The multiple bead impressions (in the circle of beads) really gets my goat. It seems the roller would have to "hesitate" or "stutter" and roll back and forth a bit. Can't see how that would happen. Maybe the mill was being driven by man or horse power and not by a water wheel. Then it could hesitate while with a water wheel and gears it doesn't seem possible for that to happen.
   Barcelona used HORSE driven mills, so your theory about a strange clatter or jerk in the movement does sound quite possible. The only Spanish Peninsular mints to ever use waterpowered rollers were: Segovia Royal Mill, Granada and Cuenca... all the others used horse power. The punch operators were typically not very careful so an off-center punch-job is actually more common than you might think. Also, remember that the engraved designs on a roller die must be in perfect allignment, or one side winds up not coinciding exactly with the other.
   If you like that kinda stuff, there are lots of roller-die billon coins of all Spanish Peninsular mints 1660-1664, with every type of error imaginable... some really fascinating, mostly inexpensive to purchase. - Glenn Murray...Thu, 11 Apr 2002 01:37:27

   I had one additional thought that would explain the underlying impression, the elongated "out of round" final coin and the edge of the bar defect. If one took a previously rolled silver coin that had the edge of the bar defect and fed it through the 1693 roller dies then the coin would elongate and spread far enough to pick up the bit of detail from the "following" coin engraved on the roller die. That way we would get a final coin that is larger than one punched from a strip. EMail:Verne R. Walrafen
4/9
A Clifford Bolling photograph.
Enlargements available on both WWW and ScrapBook CD-ROM
1996 Tulsa token struck over a 2000 Mercury Head token
Click for
Enlargement
on CD-ROM
  • This Isn't Supposed To Happen!
       I just received my GMM goodies from Gino and the 1996 TULSA RECOLLECTING THE FIFTIES token was struck over a 2000 Mercury Head token. I thought older dated dies weren't used after the show they were made for, yet this piece would seem to indicate that a 1996 Tulsa die was used after a 2000 dated token was struck, and used to overstrike the later dated token. - Cliff Bolling...Tue, 9 Apr 2002 21:30:16
       Well now... let us think deeply about this. The underlying 2000 token was struck with a die that wasn't created until some five years after the regular 1996 Tulsa tokens were struck. (This is the second Tulsa die that was used at the show and not the first Tulsa die that was rejected because it was too large for the GMM traveling mini-mint press.) So... what do you know? ...YOU ARE QUITE RIGHT CLIFF!
       Joe Rust has an explaination for this sort of occurence. He was reminiscing one day about statements made by officials at the U.S.Mint in which they denied any possibility of certain peculiar numismatic specimens being created in any of their facilities. Joe said, and I fully agree with him, that as long as you have people involved in the process then "unauthorized things WILL HAPPEN!"
       Unauthorized creations by their very nature are QUITE RARE and always interesting to me personally. It is the production run specimens that are generally readily available but these odd creations that slip through the cracks are almost always as scarce as hen's teeth. Not every US numismatic collector has a 1913 Liberty Head nickel and not every GMM numismatic collector has a 1996 Tulsa token struck over a 2000 Mercury Head token. Dang few even have a Tulsa token of any sort!
       Too bad that Gino didn't describe his Adam Kelley specimens in greater detail! This is the second exceptionally unusual piece that was inadequately described in his eBay offerings. Well... Cliff and I both benefited from this circumstance. EMail:Verne R. Walrafen
    A Clifford Bolling photograph.
    Enlargements available on both WWW and ScrapBook CD-ROM
    Clear view of the 2000 underdate on the original token.
    Click for
    Enlargement
    on CD-ROM
ScrapBook Visits Continue To Rise...
   ...but we all know that things will slow down during the summer months. I was hoping somebody would convince a mainline Numismatic publication to give our ScrapBook some column space but that hasn't happened yet. Bet that would really get things "moving!"
   The graph shown below is far too small a scale to leave any sort of legends on the axes but the counter on our main index webpage is now experiencing roughly 200 visitors each week. This is roughly double what we were had three months ago. Anybody who goes directly to any of the subject webpages and never clicks through the main index page doesn't get counted. We may be experiencing significantly higher levels of interest than that counter indicates. EMail:Verne R. Walrafen
Enlargements available on both WWW and ScrapBook CD-ROM
ScrapBook Visit Trends Apr.2001->Mar.2002
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Enlargement
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